CHINESE ADJECTIVES

Adjectives - (形容詞) - ( Xíngróngcí )

Adjectives in Chinese language are an important topic which beginners must learn to improve their Chinese language knowledge.

Definition:
Adjectives modify nouns by expressing to whom the object belongs. Chinese adjectives are different than English adjectives, because one can use this as verbs.

All Mandarin adjectives implicitly include “to be”, for example:

Instead of "You are Working", you may say "You working".

Examples in Chinese:

English Chinese Characters Pinyin
An ugly rat 一個醜陋的老鼠 Yīgè chǒulòu de lǎoshǔ
A green house 一個綠色的房子 Yīgè lǜsè de fángzi
A fat woman 一個胖女人 Yīgè pàng nǚrén


Possessive Adjectives

In order to show possession, one may add ‘de’ to personal pronouns as indicated below.

English Chinese Characters Pinyin
His 他的 de
My de
Your 你的 de
Theirs 他們的 Tāmen de
Ours 我們的 Wǒmen de
Her 他的 de
Mine de
Yours 你的 de


List of Adjectives in Chinese

English Chinese Characters Pinyin
Black 黑色
Hēisè
Blue
Lán
Brown 布朗 Bùlǎng
Gray 灰色 Huīsè
Green
Orange Chéng
Purple
Red Hóng
White Bái
Yellow 黃河 Huánghé
Sizes 尺寸 Chǐcùn
Big
Deep Shēn
Long Lóng
Narrow Zhǎi
Short Ǎi
Small, little 小,小
Xiǎo, xiǎo
Tall Gāo
Thick Hòu
Thin Báo
Wide Kuān
Shapes 形狀 Xíngzhuàng
Round 回合 Huíhé
Straight Zhí
Square 廣場 Guǎngchǎng
Fat Pàng
Triangular 三角形的 Sānjiǎoxíng de
Old Lǎo
Young 年輕 Niánqīng
Smart 聰明 Cōngmíng
Slow Màn
Fast Kuài
Near Jìn
Far Yuǎn
Good Hǎo
Bad Huài
Pretty Měi
Light Qīng
Dark Àn


Examples
  • My dad is eating.
  • 我的爸爸在吃.
  • Wǒ de bà ba zài chī.

  • My mom's cooking.
  • 我媽媽的烹飪.
  • Wǒ māmā de pēngrèn.

  • Your dog is dead.
  • 你的狗死了.
  • Nǐ de gǒu sǐ le.

  • My table is broken.
  • 我表壞了.
  • Wǒ de biǎo huài le.

Adjetives in Chinese Video




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