Chinese Verbs

Definition: The verb expresses an action, event or state. In Chinese, a verb, to be used in forming a complete sentence, must be accompanied by a noun or pronoun that is acting, in Chinese the verb have not tenses conjugation as in English, the verb in Chinese is only one for all tenses of conjugation (present, past and future).

Examples:
  • Present:
    I play soccer.
    足 球
    wán zúqiú.

  • Past:
    I played soccer.
    足 球
    wán zúqiú.

  • Future:
    I will play soccer.
    我 会 足 球
    Wǒ huì wán zúqiú.

Negation of Chinese verbs

For negate a verb in Chinese only you must put the word () before the verb, but exist one exception the verb to have (Yǒu) in this case you must put the word (Méi) before the verb to have.

Examples:
  • I do not want to sleep.
  • 想 睡 觉
  • xiǎng shuìjiào.

  • I do not have work today.
  • 有 今 天 的 工 作
  • méiyǒu jīntiān de gōngzuò

Verbs in Chinese

English Chinese Pinyin English Chinese Pinyin
to be (permanent) Shì to be (temp./location) Zài
to arrive 到达 Dàodá to owe 应该 Yīnggāi
to have Yǒu to place 放置 Fàngzhì
to do Zuò to put 放置 Fàngzhì
to make 使 Shǐ to believe 相信 Xiāngxìn
to speak 发言 Fāyán to talk Shuō
to say Shuō to tell 告诉 Gàosu
to read 阅读 Yuèdú to go
to sleep 睡觉 Shuìjiào to see Kàn
to understand 了解 liǎojiě to give Gěi
to find 找 到 Zhǎodào to eat Chī
to call 打电话 Dǎ diànhuà to know 知道 Zhīdào
to come Lái to want 想要 Xiǎng yào
to carry 携带 Xiédài to lose 失去 Shīqù
to wear 穿 Chuān to dance 跳舞 Tiàowǔ
to leave 离开 Líkāi to buy 购买 Gòumǎi
to open 打开 Dǎkāi to answer 回答 Huídá
to live 生活 Shēnghuó to ask Wèn
to bring Dài to close 关闭 Guānbì
to write Xiě to work 工作 Gōngzuò
to think Xiǎng to begin 开始 Kāishǐ
to study 研究 Yánjiū to walk 走路 Zǒulù
to take 采取 Cǎiqǔ to run Pǎo
to sing Chàng to need 需要 Xūyào
to play Wán to pay 支付 Zhīfù
to feel 感觉 Gǎnjué to drink
to cook 做饭 Zuò fàn to sell 出售 Chūshòu
to travel 旅行 Lǚxíng to change 改变 Gǎibiàn
to count Shù to win Yíng
to break 打破 Dǎpò to drive 开车 Kāichē
to clean 清洁 Qīngjié to meet 满足 Mǎnzú


Verbs in Chinese Videos


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