If you want to learn Mandarin Chinese, you should know that some syllables are composed by initial + tone + Chinese finals, others are only characters. For example in the word jing, “j” is the initial and “ing” is the final, and in the word bei, “b” is the initial and “ei” is the final. There are 22 initials and 39 finals. Chinese finals have 29 compound vowels, and 10 individual vowels. For example, the individual vowel ê is only used in compound vowels such as “ie” and “üe”.

Although to create some words in Mandarin, it is necessary to combine both initials, and finals, you must know that not all combinations are possible. Some final such as “ai” and “an” are already words. The following letters are all finals: a, o, e, ai, ou, ei, an, ong, en, ao, er, ang, eng, i, u, ü, ia, ua, üe, ie, uo, üan, iao, uai, ün, iu, ui, ian, uan, in, un, iang, uang, and iong.

It can be seen that the next ten finals: “i”, “iao”, “ia”, “ie”, “ian”, “iou”, “in”, “ing”, “iang”, and “iong” don't have initials letters, however, it added a “y” in the beginning in some actual pinyin texts, so it is normal to find “yi”, “yiao”, “yia”, “yie”, “yian”, “yiou”, “yin”, “ying”, “yiang”, and “yiong”, and “y” replace the final “i” for most of the words, but the pronounce is the same in both finals.

The next finals “ü”, “üan”, “üe”, and “ün” also don't have initials, so it is necessary to add a “y” and remove the diaeresis over the vowel “u”, so you can only see “yu”, “yuan”, “yue”, and “yun”. You must try to remember that a “yu” is referred to “ü” pronunciation, and every word that has the next initials “x”, “j” and “q” before a “u”, “xu”, “ju”, and “qu”, are pronounced as “ü”.

You also see the same rule with the initial “w” and with the following finals “u”, “ua”, “uo”, “uai”, “uei”, “uan”, “uen”, “uang”, and “ueng” that become in “wu”, “wua”, “wuo”, “wuai”, “wuei”, “wuan”, “wuen”, “wuang”, and “wueng”. Besides, the final “uei” are changed by “ui”, for example: “tuei” is “tui”, and “duei” is “dui”. Several Chinese finals in Mandarin are similar to English, so a large number of English speakers can learn this sound easily.

The most difficult sound is the final “ü”, but you must only say the letter “e” and move your lips and try to produce the sound of letter “o”, so to produce the right “ü” sound, you don't have to change nothing inside your mouth; you have to say “e” inside and put your lips in the position where the letter “o” is pronounced. On the other hand, the “un” replaces the final “uen”, for example: “cun”, “dun”, “lun”, “sun”, “tun”, and “zun”, among others. These words don't omit the letter “e”, actually, these words sound as “uwen”, but it is say really quickly. Finally, if you want to speak Mandarin Chinese, you must work very hard to get the right sounds.

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